Indian “Anti-tank mines” Reaches Pakistan Through Nalla Dek.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it. Such a device is typically detonated automatically by way of pressure when a target steps on it or drives over it, although other detonation mechanisms are also sometimes used. A land mine may cause damage by direct blast effect, by fragments that are thrown by the blast, or by both.
The name originates from the ancient practice of military mining, where tunnels were dug under enemy fortifications or troop formations. These killing tunnels (“mines”) were at first collapsed to destroy targets located above, but they were later filled with explosives and detonated in order to cause even greater devastation.
Nowadays, in common parlance, land mines generally refer to devices specifically manufactured as anti-personnel or anti-vehicle weapons.
Though many types of improvised explosive devices (“IEDs”) can technically be classified as land mines, the term land mine is typically reserved for manufactured devices designed to be used by recognized military services, whereas IED is used for makeshift devices assembled by paramilitary, insurgent, or terrorist groups.
The use of land mines is controversial because of their potential as indiscriminate weapons. They can remain dangerous many years after a conflict has ended,
harming the economy and civilians. With pressure from a number of campaign groups organised through the International Campaign to Ban Landmines,
a global movement to prohibit their use led to the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, also known as the Ottawa Treaty. To date, 162 nations have signed the treaty.
The anti-tank landmine meant to destroy armoured vehicles and tanks is an important part of the arsenal of any army. One mine, the 1A ND204 was designed and developed by Pune-based labs Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Pune (HEMRL) for the Indian Army.
Similar mines had been manufactured for the army by the Ordnance Factory at Chanda in Chandrapur district of Vidarbha for over 10 years. The High Explosive Factory at Khadki supplies Tri-nitro Toluene (TNT), the explosive material used in the mine.